Jacques-Martin Hotteterre, dit le Romain (b Paris, 1674; d Paris, 1763) was a French flautist, bassoonist, and instrument maker, best known of French family of woodwind instrument makers, composers, and performers active in 17th and 18th cents. Called himself ‘le Romain’ probably because of visit to Italy in his youth. By 1708, he was bassoonist in Grands Hautbois and flautist in La Chambre du Roy. The flutes he made are magnificent instruments. He wrote Principes de la flûte traversière (1707), L'art de préluder sur la flûte traversière (1719) and Méthode pour la musette (1737).